Health and Disease
Molecules of Life
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Enzymes
Molecular Infrastructure
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Biological Energy
Molecules and the Environment
Biology of Plants
Molecular Motors
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Biotech and Nanotech
Structures and Structure Determination

Biology of Plants

plant cells build molecular machines for photosynthesis, infrastructure and communication, and protection

Life on the Earth relies on plants: they build sugar from air and water using photosynthesis, and then most living things survive, either directly or indirectly, by consuming them. Plants face unique challenges, since they are usually rooted in place, but still need to find light and nutrients and protect themselves from dangers. Atomic structures have revealed the fine details of the photosynthetic machinery, as well as the many unusual molecules made by plant cells for regulation and protection.

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