Guide to Understanding PDB Data
Introduction
Biological Assemblies
Dealing with Coordinates
Methods for Determining Structure
Missing Coordinates and Biological Assemblies
Molecular Graphics Programs
Resolution
R-value and R-free
Structure Factors and Electron Density
Primary Sequences and the PDB Format
Small Molecule Ligands
Beginner’s Guide to PDB Structures and the PDBx/mmCIF Format

Dealing with Coordinates

The primary information stored in the PDB archive consists of coordinate files that list the atoms in each structure and their 3D location in space, along with summary information about the structure, sequence, and experiment. These files are available in several formats (PDBx/mmCIF, PDB, XML). The archive also includes data files containing experimental observations that are used to determine these atomic coordinates.

To fully explore the structures in the PDB archive, it is helpful to understand a few concepts about coordinate files. In addition, this knowledge will aid in using visualization programs.


Atomic-level Data

A typical PDB entry will contain atomic coordinates for a diverse collection of proteins, small molecules, ions and water.

Each atom in the coordinate section is identified by a sequential number in the entry file, a specific atom name, the name and number of the residue it belongs to, a one-letter code to specify the chain, its x, y, and z coordinates, and an occupancy and temperature factor (described in more detail below).

In PDBx/mmCIF format, this information is stored in the _atom_site category (please see the Beginner’s Guide to PDB Structures and the PDBx/mmCIF Format for additional information). Shown below are the first several lines from this section of entry 4HHB.

loop_
_atom_site.group_PDB
_atom_site.id
_atom_site.type_symbol
_atom_site.label_atom_id
_atom_site.label_alt_id
_atom_site.label_comp_id
_atom_site.label_asym_id
_atom_site.label_entity_id
_atom_site.label_seq_id
_atom_site.pdbx_PDB_ins_code
_atom_site.Cartn_x
_atom_site.Cartn_y
_atom_site.Cartn_z
_atom_site.occupancy
_atom_site.B_iso_or_equiv
_atom_site.pdbx_formal_charge
_atom_site.auth_seq_id
_atom_site.auth_comp_id
_atom_site.auth_asym_id
_atom_site.auth_atom_id
_atom_site.pdbx_PDB_model_num
ATOM   1    N N   . LYS A 1 7   ? 12.364  -13.639 8.445   1.00 54.67  ? 527 LYS A N   1
ATOM   2    C CA  . LYS A 1 7   ? 11.119  -12.888 8.550   1.00 49.59  ? 527 LYS A CA  1
ATOM   3    C C   . LYS A 1 7   ? 9.961   -13.651 7.926   1.00 44.77  ? 527 LYS A C   1
ATOM   4    O O   . LYS A 1 7   ? 9.055   -14.126 8.617   1.00 49.39  ? 527 LYS A O   1
ATOM   5    C CB  . LYS A 1 7   ? 11.255  -11.538 7.841   1.00 49.41  ? 527 LYS A CB  1
ATOM   6    C CG  . LYS A 1 7   ? 10.169  -10.531 8.174   1.00 53.16  ? 527 LYS A CG  1
ATOM   7    C CD  . LYS A 1 7   ? 10.523  -9.771  9.432   1.00 59.71  ? 527 LYS A CD  1
ATOM   8    C CE  . LYS A 1 7   ? 11.779  -8.947  9.195   1.00 63.60  ? 527 LYS A CE  1
ATOM   9    N NZ  . LYS A 1 7   ? 12.353  -8.381  10.443  1.00 64.85  ? 527 LYS A NZ  1
ATOM   10   N N   . ARG A 1 8   ? 10.011  -13.762 6.603   1.00 40.03  ? 528 ARG A N   1
<snip>

In PDB file format, the ATOM record is used to identify proteins or nucleic acid atoms, and the HETATM record is used to identify atoms in small molecules. Shown below are the first several lines from this section of entry 4HHB.

ATOM      1  N   LYS A 527      12.364 -13.639   8.445  1.00 54.67           N 
ATOM      2  CA  LYS A 527      11.119 -12.888   8.550  1.00 49.59           C 
ATOM      3  C   LYS A 527       9.961 -13.651   7.926  1.00 44.77           C 
ATOM      4  O   LYS A 527       9.055 -14.126   8.617  1.00 49.39           O 
ATOM      5  CB  LYS A 527      11.255 -11.538   7.841  1.00 49.41           C 
ATOM      7  CD  LYS A 527      10.523  -9.771   9.432  1.00 59.71           C 
ATOM      8  CE  LYS A 527      11.779  -8.947   9.195  1.00 63.60           C 
ATOM      9  NZ  LYS A 527      12.353  -8.381  10.443  1.00 64.85           N 
ATOM     10  N   ARG A 528      10.011 -13.762   6.603  1.00 40.03           N 

This information gives you a lot of control when exploring the structure. For instance, most molecular graphics programs enable you to color identified portions of the molecule selectively--for example, to pick out all of the carbon atoms and color them green, or to pick one particular amino acid and highlight it.

1mbo-representations_rotate.jpg

The left image shows myoglobin (PDB entry 1mbo) using a ribbon diagram for the protein, and ball-and-stick depiction for the small molecules. In the right image, all atoms are shown and the heme group is highlighted in bright red, and the bound oxygen molecule in turquoise.

Tip: By default, many molecular graphics programs do not display the water molecules that may be present even though they are often important to the function and interaction of biological molecules. Most of these programs have a way to display them, if you use their methods for atom selection.


Chains and Models

Biological molecules are hierarchical, building from atoms to residues to chains to assemblies. Coordinate files contain ways to organize and specify molecules at all of these levels. As described above, the atom names and residue information are included in each atom record.

In PDBx/mmCIF format, the looping nature of the records makes it easy to represent different chains and multiple molecules.

Shown below is a segment from entry 4hhb showing the transition from chain A to chain B, where the chain is designated in the _atom_site.label_asym_id record and further identified in the _atom_site.label_entity_id record. Please see the Beginner’s Guide to PDB Structures and the PDBx/mmCIF Format for an introduction to entities.

loop_
_atom_site.group_PDB
_atom_site.id
_atom_site.type_symbol
_atom_site.label_atom_id
_atom_site.label_alt_id
_atom_site.label_comp_id
_atom_site.label_asym_id
_atom_site.label_entity_id
_atom_site.label_seq_id
_atom_site.pdbx_PDB_ins_code
_atom_site.Cartn_x
_atom_site.Cartn_y
_atom_site.Cartn_z
_atom_site.occupancy
_atom_site.B_iso_or_equiv
_atom_site.pdbx_formal_charge
_atom_site.auth_seq_id
_atom_site.auth_comp_id
_atom_site.auth_asym_id
_atom_site.auth_atom_id
_atom_site.pdbx_PDB_model_num
ATOM   1    N  N   . VAL A 1 1   ? 6.204   16.869  4.854   1.00 49.05 ? 1   VAL A N   1
ATOM   2    C  CA  . VAL A 1 1   ? 6.913   17.759  4.607   1.00 43.14 ? 1   VAL A CA  1
ATOM   3    C  C   . VAL A 1 1   ? 8.504   17.378  4.797   1.00 24.80 ? 1   VAL A C   1
<snip>
ATOM   1067 N  NH1 . ARG A 1 141 ? -10.147 7.455   -6.079  1.00 23.24 ? 141 ARG A NH1 1
ATOM   1068 N  NH2 . ARG A 1 141 ? -8.672  8.328   -4.506  1.00 33.34 ? 141 ARG A NH2 1
ATOM   1069 O  OXT . ARG A 1 141 ? -9.474  13.682  -9.742  1.00 31.52 ? 141 ARG A OXT 1
ATOM   1070 N  N   . VAL B 2 1   ? 9.223   -20.614 1.365   1.00 46.08 ? 1   VAL B N   1
ATOM   1071 C  CA  . VAL B 2 1   ? 8.694   -20.026 -0.123  1.00 70.96 ? 1   VAL B CA  1
ATOM   1072 C  C   . VAL B 2 1   ? 9.668   -21.068 -1.645  1.00 69.74 ? 1   VAL B C   1
ATOM   1073 O  O   . VAL B 2 1   ? 9.370   -22.612 -0.994  1.00 71.82 ? 1   VAL B O   1
<snip>

Here, for solution NMR ensemble structure entry 1vre, the _atom_site.pdbx_PDB_model_num record is used to indicate the 29 different models represented in the file:

loop_
_atom_site.group_PDB
_atom_site.id
_atom_site.type_symbol
_atom_site.label_atom_id
_atom_site.label_alt_id
_atom_site.label_comp_id
_atom_site.label_asym_id
_atom_site.label_entity_id
_atom_site.label_seq_id
_atom_site.pdbx_PDB_ins_code
_atom_site.Cartn_x
_atom_site.Cartn_y
_atom_site.Cartn_z
_atom_site.occupancy
_atom_site.B_iso_or_equiv
_atom_site.pdbx_formal_charge
_atom_site.auth_seq_id
_atom_site.auth_comp_id
_atom_site.auth_asym_id
_atom_site.auth_atom_id
_atom_site.pdbx_PDB_model_num
ATOM   1     N  N    . GLY A 1 1   ? 13.878  9.721   9.134   1.00 0.00 ? 1   GLY A N    1
ATOM   2     C  CA   . GLY A 1 1   ? 12.761  8.747   8.973   1.00 0.00 ? 1   GLY A CA   1
ATOM   3     C  C    . GLY A 1 1   ? 13.273  7.506   8.239   1.00 0.00 ? 1   GLY A C    1
<snip>
HETATM 2175  H  HBD2 . HEM B 2 .   ? -8.871  3.884   -8.248  1.00 0.00 ? 148 HEM A HBD2 1
HETATM 2176  C  C    . CMO C 3 .   ? -7.184  0.894   -1.865  1.00 0.00 ? 149 CMO A C    1
HETATM 2177  O  O    . CMO C 3 .   ? -7.008  -0.217  -1.956  1.00 0.00 ? 149 CMO A O    1
ATOM   2178  N  N    . GLY A 1 1   ? 11.063  9.378   8.937   1.00 0.00 ? 1   GLY A N    2
ATOM   2179  C  CA   . GLY A 1 1   ? 10.504  8.078   8.473   1.00 0.00 ? 1   GLY A CA   2
ATOM   2180  C  C    . GLY A 1 1   ? 11.648  7.196   7.970   1.00 0.00 ? 1   GLY A C    2
<snip>
HETATM 63131 H  HBD2 . HEM B 2 .   ? -8.603  4.604   -7.315  1.00 0.00 ? 148 HEM A HBD2 29
HETATM 63132 C  C    . CMO C 3 .   ? -7.211  0.912   -1.966  1.00 0.00 ? 149 CMO A C    29
HETATM 63133 O  O    . CMO C 3 .   ? -7.058  -0.203  -2.022  1.00 0.00 ? 149 CMO A O    29
#

In PDB file format, TER records are used to separate protein and nucleic acid chains. The chains are included one after another in the file, separated by a TER record to indicate that the chains are not physically connected to each other. Most molecular graphics programs look for this TER record so that they don't draw a bond to connect different chains. Shown below is the portion of entry 4HHB where a TER record is used to separate the first copy of the alpha chain (chain A) from the first copy of the beta chain (chain B):

ATOM   1067  NH1 ARG A 141     -10.147   7.455  -6.079  1.00 23.24           N 
ATOM   1068  NH2 ARG A 141      -8.672   8.328  -4.506  1.00 33.34           N 
ATOM   1069  OXT ARG A 141      -9.474  13.682  -9.742  1.00 31.52           O 
TER    1070      ARG A 141                             
ATOM   1071  N   VAL B   1       9.223 -20.614   1.365  1.00 46.08           N 
ATOM   1072  CA  VAL B   1       8.694 -20.026  -0.123  1.00 70.96           C 
ATOM   1073  C   VAL B   1       9.668 -21.068  -1.645  1.00 69.74           C 
ATOM   1074  O   VAL B   1       9.370 -22.612  -0.994  1.00 71.82           O 
ATOM   1075  CB  VAL B   1       9.283 -18.281  -0.381  1.00 59.18           C 
ATOM   1076  CG1 VAL B   1       7.449 -17.518  -0.791  1.00 57.89           C 

Chains B and C will be separated similarly, as will chains C and D.

PDB format files use the MODEL/ENDMDL keywords to indicate multiple molecules in a single file. This was initially created to archive coordinate sets that include several different models of the same structure, like the structural ensembles obtained in NMR analysis. When you view these files, you will see dozens of similar molecules all superimposed. The MODEL keyword is now also used in biological assembly files to separate the many symmetrical copies of the molecule that are generated from the asymmetric unit (For more information, see the tutorial on biological assemblies).

Shown below is a section from the biological assembly file of entry 1out which contains half (chains A and B) of the hemoglobin model in the asymmetric unit. The full 4-chain molecule is found in the biological assembly file, where the two sets of two chains are separated by MODEL records:

<snip>
MODEL        1
HETATM    1  C   ACE A   0      40.573  27.347  55.464  1.00 42.49           C 
HETATM    2  O   ACE A   0      41.130  27.445  56.567  1.00 50.27           O 
HETATM    3  CH3 ACE A   0      39.709  28.526  55.115  1.00 49.32           C 
<snip>
HETATM 2475  O   HOH B 238       8.440  58.387  54.230  1.00 67.86           O 
HETATM 2476  O   HOH B 239      23.699  54.828  72.752  1.00 71.63           O 
HETATM 2477  O   HOH B 240      30.823  46.229  47.604  1.00 71.95           O 
ENDMDL                                                                         
MODEL       2                                                                  
HETATM    1  C   ACE A   0      50.950  33.338  48.783  1.00 42.49           C 
HETATM    2  O   ACE A   0      50.587  32.905  47.680  1.00 50.27           O 
HETATM    3  CH3 ACE A   0      50.361  34.676  49.132  1.00 49.32           C 
<snip>
HETATM 2475  O   HOH B 238      40.135  76.686  50.017  1.00 67.86           O 
HETATM 2476  O   HOH B 239      35.588  61.692  31.495  1.00 71.63           O 
HETATM 2477  O   HOH B 240      39.473  51.223  56.643  1.00 71.95           O 
ENDMDL                                                                         
MASTER        0    0    0   16    0    0    8    6 2475    2    0   23         
END                  

images/7ahl-ribbons_rotate.jpg

Two useful coloring schemes allow you to explore the different chains in any given PDB file. First, you may color each chain differently to show the packing of different chains in the molecule as shown in the bottom image. Then, you can color each chain using a rainbow of colors from one end of the chain to the other to highlight its folding characteristics as shown at the top. Both of these methods are available in most molecular graphics programs. The molecule shown here is hemolysin from PDB structure 7ahl.


Temperature Factors

If we were able to hold an atom rigidly fixed in one place, we could observe its distribution of electrons in an ideal situation. The image would be dense towards the center with the density falling off further from the nucleus. When you look at experimental electron density distributions, however, the electrons usually have a wider distribution than this ideal. This may be due to vibration of the atoms, or differences between the many different molecules in the crystal lattice. The observed electron density will include an average of all these small motions, yielding a slightly smeared image of the molecule.

These motions, and the resultant smearing of the electron density, are incorporated into the atomic model by a B-value or temperature factor. The amount of smearing is proportional to the magnitude of the B-value. Values under 10 create a model of the atom that is very sharp, indicating that the atom is not moving much and is in the same position in all of the molecules in the crystal. Values greater than 50 or so indicate that the atom is moving so much that it can barely been seen. This is often the case for atoms at the surface of proteins, where long side chains are free to wag in the surrounding water.

In PDBx/mmCIF format, the _atom_site.B_iso_or_equiv record is used to store temperature factor values. Again from entry 4hhb:

<snip>
loop_
_atom_site.group_PDB
_atom_site.id
_atom_site.type_symbol
_atom_site.label_atom_id
_atom_site.label_alt_id
_atom_site.label_comp_id
_atom_site.label_asym_id
_atom_site.label_entity_id
_atom_site.label_seq_id
_atom_site.pdbx_PDB_ins_code
_atom_site.Cartn_x
_atom_site.Cartn_y
_atom_site.Cartn_z
_atom_site.occupancy
_atom_site.B_iso_or_equiv
_atom_site.pdbx_formal_charge
_atom_site.auth_seq_id
_atom_site.auth_comp_id
_atom_site.auth_asym_id
_atom_site.auth_atom_id
_atom_site.pdbx_PDB_model_num
ATOM   1    N  N   . VAL A 1 1   ? 6.204   16.869  4.854   1.00 49.05 ? 1   VAL A N   1
ATOM   2    C  CA  . VAL A 1 1   ? 6.913   17.759  4.607   1.00 43.14 ? 1   VAL A CA  1
ATOM   3    C  C   . VAL A 1 1   ? 8.504   17.378  4.797   1.00 24.80 ? 1   VAL A C   1
<snip>

In PDB file format, the temperature factor is given in columns 61 - 66. From entry 4hhb:

<snip>
ATOM      1  N   VAL A   1       6.204  16.869   4.854  1.00 49.05           N 
ATOM      2  CA  VAL A   1       6.913  17.759   4.607  1.00 43.14           C 
ATOM      3  C   VAL A   1       8.504  17.378   4.797  1.00 24.80           C 
<snip>

images/Bvalue-figure.jpg

The example shown is from a myoglobin structure solved at 2.0 Å resolution (PDB entry 1mbi). Two histidine amino acids are shown. On the left is HIS93, which coordinates with the iron atom and thus, is held firmly in place. It has B-values in the range of 15-20--notice how the contours nicely surround the whole amino acid, revealing a sharp electron density. On the right is HIS81, which is exposed on the surface of the protein and has higher B-values in the range of 22-74. Also note how the contours enclose a smaller space, showing a smaller region with high electron density for this amino acid because the overall electron density is weakly smeared in the space around the contours.

images/Bvalue-rasmol.jpg

The picture shows the whole molecule, with the atoms colored by the temperature factors. High values, indicating lots of motion, are in red and yellow, and low values are in blue. Notice that the interior of the protein has low B-values and the amino acids on the surface have higher values.

Click on the Jmol tab to see an interactive Jmol.

The Jmol shows the whole molecule, with the atoms colored by the temperature factors. High values, indicating lots of motion, are in red and yellow, and low values are in blue. Notice that the interior of the protein has low B-values and the amino acids on the surface have higher values.

Tip: Temperature factors are a measure of our confidence in the location of each atom. If you find an atom on the surface of a protein with a high temperature factor, keep in mind that this atom is probably moving a lot, and that the coordinates specified in the PDB file are only one possible snapshot of its location.


Occupancy and Multiple Conformations

Macromolecular crystals are composed of many individual molecules packed into a symmetrical arrangement. In some crystals, there are slight differences between each of these molecules. For instance, a sidechain on the surface may wag back and forth between several conformations, or a substrate may bind in two orientations in an active site, or a metal ion may be bound to only a few of the molecules. When researchers build the atomic model of these portions, they can use the occupancy to estimate the amount of each conformation that is observed in the crystal. For most atoms, the occupancy is given a value of 1, indicating that the atom is found in all of the molecules in the same place in the crystal. However, if a metal ion binds to only half of the molecules in the crystal, the researcher will see a weak image of the ion in the electron density map, and can assign an occupancy of 0.5 in the PDB structure file for this atom. Occupancies are also commonly used to identify side chains or ligands that are observed in multiple conformations. The occupancy value is used to indicate the fraction of molecules that have each of the conformations. Two (or more) atom records are included for each atom, with occupancies like 0.5 and 0.5, or 0.4 and 0.6, or other fractional occupancies that sum to a total of 1.

occupancy-figure.jpg

Alternate Conformations in Myoglobin: The two images shown are taken from the high-resolution structure of myoglobin in entry 1a6m: glutamine 8 is on the left, and tyrosine 151 on the right. In both cases, the depositors interpreted the experimental data as showing two conformations of the amino acid, with occupancies of 0.57 and 0.43 for the glutamine, and 0.5 for each of the tyrosine conformations. The blue contours surround the regions with high electron density, and the atomic model is shown in sticks.

occupancy-rasmol.jpg

The picture below of the whole myoglobin molecule is shown with all of the amino acids that have two conformations in the file.

Click on the Jmol tab to see an interactive Jmol.

Alternate Conformations in Myoglobin (PDB entry 1a6m)

Tip: When dealing with PDB entries with multiple coordinates, you often need to pay close attention. It is not always possible to select just the "A" conformations and throw away the "B" conformations. You need to look carefully in each case and make sure that there are not any bad contacts between mobile sidechains.

In PDBx/mmCIF format, alternate conformations are indicated in the _atom_site.label_alt_id category and the occupancy in the _atom_site.occupancy category. Shown below is residue 8 from entry 1a6m.

loop_
_atom_site.group_PDB
_atom_site.id
_atom_site.type_symbol
_atom_site.label_atom_id
_atom_site.label_alt_id
_atom_site.label_comp_id
_atom_site.label_asym_id
_atom_site.label_entity_id
_atom_site.label_seq_id
_atom_site.pdbx_PDB_ins_code
_atom_site.Cartn_x
_atom_site.Cartn_y
_atom_site.Cartn_z
_atom_site.occupancy
_atom_site.B_iso_or_equiv
_atom_site.pdbx_formal_charge
_atom_site.auth_seq_id
_atom_site.auth_comp_id
_atom_site.auth_asym_id
_atom_site.auth_atom_id
_atom_site.pdbx_PDB_model_num
<snip>
ATOM   63   N  N   . GLN A 1 8   ? 5.404  13.203 22.532  1.00 8.42  ? 8    GLN A N   1
ATOM   64   C  CA  . GLN A 1 8   ? 6.475  12.812 23.418  1.00 8.84  ? 8    GLN A CA  1
ATOM   65   C  C   . GLN A 1 8   ? 7.602  12.149 22.631  1.00 8.08  ? 8    GLN A C   1
ATOM   66   O  O   . GLN A 1 8   ? 8.769  12.399 22.918  1.00 8.39  ? 8    GLN A O   1
ATOM   67   C  CB  A GLN A 1 8   ? 5.987  11.822 24.520  0.57 13.03 ? 8    GLN A CB  1
ATOM   68   C  CB  B GLN A 1 8   ? 5.948  11.968 24.580  0.43 9.68  ? 8    GLN A CB  1
ATOM   69   C  CG  A GLN A 1 8   ? 7.030  11.303 25.506  0.57 16.30 ? 8    GLN A CG  1
ATOM   70   C  CG  B GLN A 1 8   ? 6.967  12.094 25.688  0.43 12.07 ? 8    GLN A CG  1
ATOM   71   C  CD  A GLN A 1 8   ? 7.981  10.227 25.063  0.57 15.61 ? 8    GLN A CD  1
ATOM   72   C  CD  B GLN A 1 8   ? 6.439  11.470 26.952  0.43 14.43 ? 8    GLN A CD  1
ATOM   73   O  OE1 A GLN A 1 8   ? 7.688  9.392  24.214  0.57 19.54 ? 8    GLN A OE1 1
ATOM   74   O  OE1 B GLN A 1 8   ? 5.419  10.767 26.918  0.43 17.46 ? 8    GLN A OE1 1
ATOM   75   N  NE2 A GLN A 1 8   ? 9.219  10.114 25.607  0.57 21.38 ? 8    GLN A NE2 1
ATOM   76   N  NE2 B GLN A 1 8   ? 7.067  11.762 28.084  0.43 14.03 ? 8    GLN A NE2 1

In PDB file format, alternate conformations are given in column 17 using an alternate location indicator and occupancy is given in columns 55 - 60. Shown below from entry 1a6m is the glutamine residue 8 modeled in two different conformations, A and B, where conformation A is given 57% occupancy and conformation B is given 43% occupancy:

ATOM     63  N   GLN A   8       5.404  13.203  22.532  1.00  8.42           N 
ATOM     64  CA  GLN A   8       6.475  12.812  23.418  1.00  8.84           C 
ATOM     65  C   GLN A   8       7.602  12.149  22.631  1.00  8.08           C 
ATOM     66  O   GLN A   8       8.769  12.399  22.918  1.00  8.39           O 
ATOM     67  CB AGLN A   8       5.987  11.822  24.520  0.57 13.03           C 
ATOM     68  CB BGLN A   8       5.948  11.968  24.580  0.43  9.68           C 
ATOM     69  CG AGLN A   8       7.030  11.303  25.506  0.57 16.30           C 
ATOM     70  CG BGLN A   8       6.967  12.094  25.688  0.43 12.07           C 
ATOM     71  CD AGLN A   8       7.981  10.227  25.063  0.57 15.61           C 
ATOM     72  CD BGLN A   8       6.439  11.470  26.952  0.43 14.43           C 
ATOM     73  OE1AGLN A   8       7.688   9.392  24.214  0.57 19.54           O 
ATOM     74  OE1BGLN A   8       5.419  10.767  26.918  0.43 17.46           O 
ATOM     75  NE2AGLN A   8       9.219  10.114  25.607  0.57 21.38           N 
ATOM     76  NE2BGLN A   8       7.067  11.762  28.084  0.43 14.03           N 
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Authors

2019 Update by Rachel Green and Christine Zardecki