In Geis’ painting, TATA-Binding Protein is depicted in vibrant orange. Geis uses light and shading techniques to highlight this essential piece of the transcription preinitiation complex.
Used with permission from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (www.hhmi.org). All rights reserved.
Related PDB Entry: 1VOK
Experimental Structure Citation
Nikolov, D. B. & Burley, S. K. (1994). 2.1 Å resolution refined structure of a TATA box-binding protein (TBP). Nat. Struct. Biol. 1, 621-637.
TATA box-binding protein (TBP) plays a role in transcription initiation by binding to the TATA sequence on DNA. The inner surface of TBP has beta sheets which interact with DNA. The outer surface of TBP consists of alpha helices that are able to interact with other transcription initiation factors and regulatory proteins. The C-terminal end of TBP specifically binds to the TATA sequence and is highly conserved among different organisms, from yeast to humans.
Initial Structure Determination Reference
Nikolov, D. B., Hu, S. H., Lin, J., Gasch, A., Hoffman, A., Horikoshi, M., Chua, N.H., Roeder, R.G., & Burley, S.K. (1992). Crystal structure of TFIID TATA-box binding protein. Nature, 360, 40-46.