Video Challenge 2019
The Challenge
2019 Awards
2018 Awards
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2014 Awards

Mechanisms of
Bacterial Resistance
to Aminoglycoside Antibiotics

2019 RCSB PDB Video Challenge for High School Students

Participation Guide


Step 1

Assemble your team

The team can consist of 1-4 US high school students. Each member should submit signed Parent Permission form.

Find a team advisor

If you are participating as part of a class project, your teacher will be your Team Advisor. If you would like to participate individually, find a faculty member at your school who can advise you along the way.

Designate a team captain

One person on your team should be designated as a team captain. This person will coordinate the submission of your entry and fill in the registration form. The team captain should be listed as Team Member 1 on the registration form.

Step 2

Decide on the story

As described in The Challenge, your story has to contain a molecular and public health components.

Think how you can connect the physiology and medicine, as well as current statistics about antibiotic resistance to the molecular processes that occur in bacteria. Use information on antibacterial resistance from the Learn section. Streamline this information to tell a coherent story that explains scientific concepts connecting them to the public health problems.

As far as the scinetific component goes, your video should contain a general introduction to ribosome function and aminoglycoside antibiotics action, and should explain one aspect of resistance, such as:

  • Inactivation of antibiotics via aminoglycoside modifying enzymes
  • Modifications of ribosomes by methyltransferases
  • Extraction of antibiotics from the bacterial cells via multidrug resistant efflux pumps

At this step, it's also important to think about your audience. In this challenge, your target audience are fellow high school students who have some knowledge of biology, but have not studied the topic in greater detail. Think what they can relate to, and what would keep them interested. The American Association for the Advancement of Science recommends to always keep in mind the 3Ms when communicating science: a good message should be Miniature, Memorable, and Meaningful.

There are many approaches to storytelling. You can use a real-life event or create a narrative story, as long as it includes the molecular component in a meaningful way. There are many public health aspects related to the aminoglycoside antibiotics. For example, even though the discovery of streptomycin was a major step in the fight against tuberculosis, multidrug resistant tuberculosis is still a major public health challenge. You can explore and research how anti-vaccination activism might influence the spread of resistant bacteria responsible for bacterial meningitis.  If you like history, you might tell the story of the discovery of aminoglycosides, maybe highlighting how the Streptomyces griseus became the official New Jersey state microbe, and why this great discovery was only a short triumph in medicine.

Find inspiration in popular science magazines, newspapers articles, or explore facts and statistics on antimicrobial resistance.

Your team should brainstorm many ideas at this stage and choose one that appeals to you the most. It's also important at this stage to think about the 2-minute time constraint and how much information can be communicated effectively.

Resources/downloads for this step:

Storytelling resources

Examples of popular science articles on antimicrobial resistance:

Some statistics and facts:


Step 3

Create a storyboard for your story

A storyboard is a graphic organizer that sequentially shows how the story will unfold using the key elements for visuals and audio.

The visual elements for your storyboard can be hand-drawn, but it's a good idea to plan how they will be framed in a shot. At this time, it's also a good idea to record at least a scratch version of narration/dialogs to make sure that the time allotted for each element is sufficient.

Remember, you are teaching a complex subject to your audience. Speak in an understandable, level-appropriate way and pace your narration so that it allows audiences to listen and follow along. Incorporate some breaks; after each key concept is introduced to your viewers, they will need down time to process the information.

Your storyboard can be shared with other students to get feedback and make adjustments.

Resources/downloads for this step:

Articles on communicating science effectively:

Storyboard template

How to Create a Storyboard

Step 4

Create the visuals for your video

You have complete freedom for the visual style. Create animations, film footage, or add any creative components. The scoring rubric allots points for originality and creativity, so be sure you don't miss these marks.

There are only 2 requirements:

Requirement 1:
You should use an image/animation of a topic relevant protein structure from the PDB to illustrate the molecular component.

  1. The PDB IDs of example structures are listed in Tables 1, 2, 3, and 4 in the Learn section. Each of the tables has a column “Visualization resources and tips” and provides links to Chimera sessions with preview images and web-based 3D views using NGL.
    You can download and open the Chimera sessions using UCSF Chimera. Use the tutorials available here and here to edit the sessions, create animations, or save custom pictures.
    The NGL is the default 3D viewer on and it is accessible from each structure summary page, from the tab “3D View”. The user guide for this viewer is available
  2. Alternately, you can use existing PDB-101 visual resources with proper attribution:
    1. Molecule of the Month images
      Image title, PDB ID of the protein shown; Molecule of the Month image by David S. Goodsell and the RCSB PDB / CC-BY-4.0
    2. 2018 RCSB PDB Calendar images
      PDB ID of the protein shown; Image from the 2018 RCSB PDB Calendar
    3. Images/animations from the Learn section
      Image caption; PDB ID of the protein shown; Image source:

Requirement 2:
You should not use any copyrighted materials in your videos. Videos using copyrighted materials will be disqualified.
If you don't create your artwork/music yourself, it's a good idea to use Public Domain materials, or materials released under the Creative Commons license to avoid copyright infringement.

Step 5

Edit your video

Use any video editor available to you to edit your video together. PDB-101 offers a basic tutorial for Blender Video Editor.

You will be uploading and sharing your video through YouTube, so the optimal composition size should be 1280px by 720px (HDTV 720).

The storytelling part should not be longer than 2 minutes. On top of that, you should include credits section including the following components:

  • Names of each team member and the name of the team advisor
  • References for your research materials
  • PDB IDs of the protein structures you are showing in your video and/or molecular images/videos attribution
  • All images/sound credits.
  • The PDB-101 branding slide

Step 6

Media Release Form (if applicable)

If your video shows footage/image and/or voice of a person who is not a member of your team, have them, or if minor, their parents/guardians sign the Actor Release Form.

Step 7

Permission Form

Email the Parent Permission Form for each team member (and Actor Release Form if applicable) to any time after January 15, 2019 and before you submit your video.

Video Submission

Use the Submit link any time between January 15, 2019 and April 23, 2018 at 11:59 pm PST to register your video for the challenge.

If you have any questions, please email If you would like to receive monthly updates and educational news, please sign up using the button on the top.

Good luck!